Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Biofeedback are ways an athlete can utilize the synchronicity of their mind to their body to create a positive physiological and psychological “zone”, “no mind” and “flow” state when faced with the pressure to perform-compete. Here are some research studies demonstrating HRV and Biofeedback allow you to take control of your physiology by using your mind!


Listed below are just some of the research studies on the benefits of Heart Rate Variability & Biofeedback.

Exposure to combat experiences is associated with increased risk of developing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Prolonged exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy have garnered a significant amount of empirical support for PTSD treatment; however, they are not universally effective with some patients continuing to struggle with residual PTSD symptoms. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a measure of the autonomic nervous system functioning and reflects an individual’s ability to adaptively cope with stress.

By: Gabriel Tan Tam K. Dao Lorie Farmer • Roy John Sutherland Richard Gevirtz

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Heart Rate Variability (HRV) as a Tool for Diagnostic and Monitoring Performance in Sport and Physical Activities.

By: Bojan Makivić, Marina Djordjević Nikić, Monte S. Willis

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Regular exercise promotes functional and structural changes in the central and peripheral mechanisms of the cardiovascular system. Heart rate variability (HRV) measurement provides a sensitive indicator of the autonomic balance.

By: Vanessa Pereira da Silva, B.S., Natacha Alves de Oliveira, M.Sc., Heitor Silveira, M.Sc., Roger Gomes Tavares Mello, D.Sc., and Andrea Camaz Deslandes, D.Sc.

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This special issue overviews the rapid development of research and clinical applications for heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback. This is one of the most promising newer areas of biofeedback, with applications to the treatment of medical conditions, the enhancement of human performance, and the achievement of higher-level health.

By: Editor in Chief: Donald Moss, PhD

Guest Editors: Paul Lehrer, PhD, and Richard Gevirtz, PhD

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The purpose of the present work was to compare daily variations of heart rate variability (HRV) parameters between controlled breathing (CB) and spontaneous breathing (SB) sessions during a longitudinal follow-up of athletes.


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Heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback has been reported to increase HRV while decreasing symptoms in patients with mental disorders. In addition, associations between low HRV and lowered self-regulation were found in non-clinical samples, e.g., in individuals with strong chocolate cravings or unsuccessful dieting.

By: Adrian Meule • Rebecca Freund • Ann Kathrin Skirde • Claus Vögele • Andrea Kübler

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Heart rate variability for the treatment of major depression is a novel, alternative approach that can offer symptom reduction with minimal-to-no noxious side effects. The following material will illustrate some of the work being conducted at our laboratory to demonstrate the efficacy of heart rate variability. Namely, results will be presented regarding our published work on an initial open-label study and subsequent results of a small, unfinished randomized controlled trial.

By: Maria Karavidas, PsyD

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Recent research in the neurobiology of trauma supports the likelihood of more effective treatment with the inclusion of somatic techniques such as heart rate variability biofeedback. In this article, an argument is made for integration of heart rate variability biofeedback with cognitive behavioral techniques in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. Some preliminary results are reported together with a detailed case history.

By: Richard Gevirtz, PhD, and Constance Dalenberg, PhD

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In this interview, Dr. Don Moss and Dr. Fred Shaffer bring the insights that they have acquired through their many years of research and practice to other health professionals and introduce some of the key techniques being used in Heart Rate Variability (HRV) biofeedback training.

By: Donald Moss, Ph.D., Fred Shaffer, Ph.D.

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Growing evidence suggests that Heart Rate Variability (HRV) biofeedback (BFB) may improve sport performance by helping athletes cope with the stress of competition. This study sought to identify whether HRV BFB procedure impacted psychological, physiological, and sport performance of a collegiate golfer.

By: Leah Lagos, Evgeny Vaschillo, Bronya Vaschillo, Paul Lehrer, Marsha Bates, and Robert Pandina

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The widespread implementation of advanced and complex systems requires predominantly operators’ cognitive functions and less importance of human manual control. On the other hand, most operators perform their cognitive functions below their peak cognitive capacity level due to fatigue, stress, and boredom. Thus, there is a need to improve their cognitive functions during work. The goal of this paper is to present a psychophysiology training approach derived from cardiovascular response named heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback.

By: Auditya Purwandini Sutarto, Muhammad Nubli Abdul Wahab, Nora Mat Zin

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To compare the LnRMSSD and the LnRMSSD:RR values obtained during a 5-min stabilization period with the subsequent 5-min criterion period and to determine the time course for LnRMSSD and LnRMSSD:RR stabilization at 1-min analysis in elite team-sport athletes.

By: Lucas A. Pereira, Andrew A. Flatt, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Irineu Loturco, and Fabio Y. Nakamura

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